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Top 10 Ultimate Wood Joint Visual Reference Guide

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Joinery is a part of woodworking that involves joining together pieces of timber or lumber, to produce more complex items. Some wood joints employ fasteners, bindings, or adhesives, while others use only wood elements. The characteristics of wooden joints – strength, flexibility, toughness, appearance, etc. – derive from the properties of the materials involved and the purpose of the joint. Therefore, different joinery techniques are used to meet differing requirements. For example, the joinery used to construct a house can be different from that used to make puzzle toys, although some concepts overlap.

Wood joinery is one of the most fundamental concepts in woodworking. How do you attach pallet boards together? Why did you join them together in that fashion? Here’s a list of common types of wood joints and some examples that may help you when deciding how to build a pallet craft. This is not a detailed tutorial on how to do the wood joints, as some are more advanced techniques. Instead, this is just a tool to help you identify the common types of wood joints you see in builds and hopefully give you ideas for your next project.

In the thousands of years since, craftspeople have developed an almost absurd variety of joints, some of which you learned in the ID shop at school, some of which you’ve never heard of, and that one that you can always see in your head but have forgotten the name of. To help you remember for the next time you’re building something out of wood, or to give you some alternatives for any current designs you’re working on, here are some visual guides:

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Traditional woodworking joints

Joint Description
Butt joint
The end of a piece of wood is butted against another piece of wood. This is the simplest and weakest joint. Of those, there is the a) T-butt, b) end-to-end butt, c) T-lap d) Miter butt and e) edge-to-edge butt.
Lap joint
The end of a piece of wood is laid over and connected to another piece of wood. This is the next simplest and weakest joint.
Bridle joint
Also known as open tenon, open mortise and tenon, or tongue and fork joints, this joint is where the through mortise is open on one side and forms a fork shape. The mate has a through tenon or necked joint. Bridle joints are commonly used to join rafter tops, also used in scarf joints and sometimes sill corner joints in timber framing.
Dowel joint

 

The end of a piece of wood is butted against another piece of wood. This is reinforced with dowel pins. This joint is quick to make with production line machinery and so is a very common joint in factory-made furniture.
Mitre joint
Similar to a butt joint, but both pieces have been bevelled (usually at a 45 degree angle).
Finger joint
Also known as a box joint, is a corner joint with interlocking fingers. Receives pressure from two directions.
Dovetail joint
A form of box joint where the fingers are locked together by diagonal cuts. More secure than a finger joint.
Dado joint
Also called a housing joint or trench joint, a slot is cut across the grain in one piece for another piece to set into; shelves on a bookshelf having slots cut into the sides of the shelf, for example.
Groove joint
Like the dado joint, except that the slot is cut with the grain.
Tongue and groove
Each piece has a groove cut all along one edge, and a thin, deep ridge (the tongue) on the opposite edge. If the tongue is unattached, it is considered a spline joint.
Mortise and tenon
A stub (the tenon) will fit tightly into a hole cut for it (the mortise). This is a hallmark of Mission Style furniture, and also the traditional method of jointing frame and panel members in doors, windows, and cabinets. This joint is a good strong joint to use.
Birdsmouth joint
Also called a bird’s beak cut, this joint used in roof construction. A V-shaped cut in the rafter connects the rafter to the wall-plate.
Cross Lap
A joint in which the two members are joined by removing material from each at the point of intersection so that they overlap.
Splice joint
A joint used to attach two members end to end.
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Nontraditional woodworking joints

Joint Description
Pocket-hole joinery
A hidden screw is driven into the joint at an angle.
biscuit

 

A wooden oval is glued into two crescent-shaped holes.
Floating tenon joint See Mortise and tenon
stitch and glue
Wood panels stitched together, usually with copper wire, and glued together with epoxy resin.

Joints by Application:

Joints for Chairs, Frames and Tables

best 1 woodworking joint 11

You can get complete tutorial here

best 1 woodworking joint 1112

You can get complete tutorial here

Joints for Tabletops and Cabinets

best 1 woodworking joint 1112 wood

You can get complete tutorial here

Joints for Boxes and Drawers

Joints for Boxes and Drawers

You can get complete tutorial here

Joints by Machine:

Typical Router Joints

Typical Router Joints

You can learn Here Shopsmith

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CNC Mill Joints, Corner

CNC Mill Joints

Here you can get full tutorial

CNC Mill Joints, Tee and Cross

cnc CNC Mill Joints

The Wood Joints By Jochen Gros

CNC Mill Joints, Splice

CNC Mill Joints ererer

The Wood Joints By Jochen Gros

CNC Mill Joints, Box

CNC Mill Joints Box

The Wood Joints By Jochen Gros

CNC Mill Joints, Miscellaneous/WTF

CNC Mill Joints Miscellaneous

The Wood Joints By Jochen Gros

We hope They will help you to enhance your woodworking skills.

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