Do you want to get the perfect blooms? Well, it means you should choose one of the rose varieties here. After that, follow the guideline on how to fertilize, prune, and protect your rose plants during winter. It seems great to enjoy the best roses in all season. Your roses will be the prettiest and healthiest in your neighborhood.
Indeed, we all love roses but if they are quite difficult to grow, but this fact is not for the shrub roses. In fact, shrub roses are great for its low maintenance, easier to use, and disease resistant. You can even integrate the shrub roses to complete your garden. Besides, shrubs are available in any size. Here are the ways to grow roses and to take care of them.
Best Places to Grow Roses
Before starting to grow roses, it is important to make sure that they get the proper conditions to grow. In fact, roses can grow for its best in the full sun with the well-drained, moist soil that contains high organic matter. Your roses will need 6 hours of the direct sun per day. If the rose gets less light, they will be hard to bloom. Plus, diseases and pests are easier to attack the roses. It is okay to plant roses in the partial shade, but do not even try to plant roses in the place with the full shade.
If you choose shrub roses, they can grow all over the country. If you want to grow the roses in cold and windy country, you can help the plant go dormant during the winter.
How To Plant Roses Properly
Shrub roses are available in few forms. For example, bare-root roses are easy to find at the beginning of spring. Besides, you can buy them as the set of rots in peat moss package. We also recommend you to purchase bare-root roses even though it takes a long time to take off. You can buy it inexpensively and order the roses by email to save your money.
In addition, you can try container-grown roses. Even though they are a little more expensive compared to the bare-root roses, they are even easier to plant. To start, just dig a hole. Make sure that the hole is twice as wide as the rose’s pot. Don’t go too dip to dig the hole. After that take the rosebush out of the container and then loosen the roots. If they are growing in a circle, especially around the root ball, you need to spread the roots. Once you placed the roots in the hole, continue by filling with soil. Keep in mind that you should water well the plants right after planting it.
After planting the roses, water them well is important especially if you plant them in the summer. They can dry out easily. Therefore, you should keep watering for them in the first weeks in your backyard. While watering, you also need to lay a 2 to 3-inch of the deep layer of mulch to help you support the moisture and prevent the weed growth. Besides, you can even use mulch as the barrier to prevent any soil borne disease to reach the leaves.
How To Prune Roses
It is good to go pruning and deadheading roses that will support the rosebushes lush, bloom, and healthy. It is good to prune roses in the early spring before the plants begin to grow. To prune roses, cut out the dead branches and small or weak canes. Besides, make sure that your plants grow with the open center so that air can flow easily through the plant. If you want to deadhead your roses, you should cut off the faded blooms so that the roses look better and to prevent any disease matters while encouraging the plant to have more blossoms.
Well, most roses cannot tolerate drought a lot that you should give them enough moisture to keep them blooming and healthy. Watering them deeply will encourage the roots to extend down in the soil to stay moist. It is good to use a soaker hose to keep the leaves dry so that the roses are healthy.
Having a garden with rich soil or with compost and organic matter routinely means that you do not need to feed roses anymore. Nevertheless, if you have to deal with the poor soil, or to grow roses in the containers, fertilizing is important. You cannot go too much of this thing that will also lead to overfertilization. If it happens, roses only produce fewer flowers, root injury, and death.
The best solution for roses in the container is to use slow-release plant food. Apply it once or twice per season and it will supply food to your roses.
Protecting Roses In Winter
Living in the Northern region is still possible to protect your roses in the winter. To do this, wait until the soil has frozen. Here are some methods to protect the roses from the cold:
Mulch – several inches of loose mulch can be a great way to cover the rose canes. You can choose pine needles, weed-free straw, or wood chips.
Rose Cones – Protect roses by using foam cones. Just mound the soil over the rose crown and then use the cone to cover the entire plant. Provide a few ventilation holes are important in the cone. Provide an anchor so that the winter windstorms will not blow away the cones.
Growing roses in the containers are great and move them into a more sheltered spot. For example, you can move the plants to the cool basement, storage shed, and unheated garage.
Handling Pest and Disease
Here are the best treatments from the common diseases:
Black Spot – Use garden fungicide labeled and applies it on roses during wet and cool weather. Avoid planting roses too close together. Plant them in the full sun and avoid watering with the sprinkler.
Powdery Mildew – Use a garden fungicide labeled and apply it during the wet or humid weather. Try to support roses with good airflow and plenty of suns.
Japanese Beetles – Take the light infestations off by hand and drop the beetles into the soapy water. Use a garden insecticide that contains neem, permethrin, or carbaryl to spray the severe infestation.
Aphids – For the light infestations, you can spray them off plants by using the strong stream of water from the garden hose. On the other hands, if the infestations are larger, use the garden insecticide contains permethrin, neem, or carbaryl.
A Few of Our Favorites
Here are our favorite options when it comes to rose varieties:
- Knock Out Rose
- Drift Rose
- Easy Elegance Series
It is all about choosing roses that can grow properly in your region so they are not more prone to disease. Choose varieties with the label as disease resistant.