The solar system consists of the Sun and the eight planets. There are many interesting facts to know in the solar system, including the moons.
At a glance, Ganymede reminds you to Earth’s moon. The big difference is the size. It is the largest moon in the solar system, and it belongs to Jupiter. Since it is so big, it has a magnetic field that you will never find in the other moons. space science space science to learn science and space
The size of the moon is 8% larger than Mercury, and it is 3/4 size of Mars. If Ganymede were orbiting the Sun, it would be a planet. So, it is not something too much to say that it is a planet that orbits another. space science space science to learn science and space
Miranda is the ugliest moon in the universe. It is because the moon has the most varied landscapes in the solar system. Miranda has sweeping patches as its valleys and ridges we call it coronae. That is the reason why it is so different from others since others do not have it. Additionally, this moon has enormous canyon which is 12 times deeper than the Grand Canyon. If you just dropped a rock off of the peak cliff on Miranda, it could reach the ground after 10 minutes. space science space science to learn science and space
The biggest questions strike scientists’ head were about the reason for these features. Many scientists said it was because of a large collision. Others explained that probably, meteorite strike and partially melted the surface. space science space science to learn science and space
It is a moon of Jupiter in the solar system. It does not have geological activity. The surface of the moon is 4 billion years old. So, it has the most former and unchanged surface. It has many craters but piles up over the eons. space science space science to learn science and space
It is the smallest, the most peculiar moon in the solar system. It does not orbit a planet, but an asteroid named Ida. This asteroid takes up most of the space. The name Dactyl is according to Greek mythology. Ida was a mountain, and the inhabitants in this asteroid are dactyls. From here, Dactyl helped scientists to answer a lot of questions about asteroids they never able to explain before. For instance, by studying the Dactyl’s orbit, scientists could determine the mass and the composition of Ida. Additionally, before this discovery, astronomers thought that asteroids were too small to have moons. space science space science to learn science and space
6. Epimetheus and Janus
These moons belong to Saturn, and they share the same orbit. The interesting point is that they can switch their places in a near-collision for every four years. That is unbelievable!
It is Saturn’s one of the inner-most moons. If we are talking about the most reflective bodies in the solar system, we will include Enceladus. It reflects almost 100% of the light that hits this moon. Besides, it has geyser plumes that spew ice and dust particles into space.
The astonishing fact is these geysers. They are the source of the E-ring in Saturn. When they spew out the particles, the Saturn’s gravity caught it in, and it constructed the ring over time. Well, it is reasonable because of Enceladus that orbits directly in the E-ring. So, Enceladus is like a tiny black dot in the middle of the ring. space science space science to learn science and space
It is the largest Neptune’s moon, and it is the only moon in the solar system that orbits the planet in the opposite direction of the way planet rotates. space science space science to learn science and space
This moon is volcanically active, but it does not spew out lava. Meanwhile, it erupts liquid water and ammonia. They freeze on contact with the outer temperatures. So, let us imagine that Triton explodes ice volcanoes. space science space science to learn science and space
It is also very bright with a lot of light, and ice also covers the surface of the moon, not water ice. Even more, it is one of the coldest bodies in the solar system. Liquid nitrogen is cold. However, Triton freezes nitrogen, creates a reflective layer of ice. space science space science to learn science and space
It is another moon of Jupiter with the smoothest surfaces that it has in the solar system. The entire moon is the single ocean of water, and the surface of the moon is an ice crust. The tidal heating from Jupiter creates a liquid ocean of water beneath the icy crust.
The ocean has three times the amount of water more than the Earth has. The warmth of this ocean depends on Europa’s core and heating from Jupiter. Therefore, it is potential to support life. There is a big possibility Europa supports complex life, not bacteria.
Io has a lot of volcanic activity because of the enormous Jupiter’s tidal friction. It will remind you to Mordor, from The Lord of The Rings. Volcanoes cover the entire surface. There are no crates on Io since lava from the eruptions then fill them and clean the surface. space science space science to learn science and space
It is the strangest moon in the solar system with its dense atmosphere that makes it so different from others. The moon has thick clouds, and no one could reveal things that lie beneath the clouds. The atmosphere in Titan is nitrogen-based just like Earth, but it also contains methane. If it has thick methane density, Titan may rain liquid methane. space science space science to learn science and space
On its surface, there are large and bright regions that imply the liquid seas on the surface. If we learn from the type of rain, probably it is the methane sea. Since the organic nature of most of these chemicals, it is possible to say that Titan is habitable. space science space science to learn science and space
The possibility to colonize Titan in the future means an expectation to take resources from Saturn. There will be many challenges, but the necessity for human life is the presence of liquid water beneath the surface, the comparable gravity to our moon and the abundant fertilizer and fuel.