Neil Armstrong was the first man who could reach on the moon. On the other hands, the United States declared that they were the winner for the Space race. In fact, it was more than just having a competition to become the first on the moon. There were still many other things we perhaps did not realize.
Up to now, the US and NASA have been continuing to explore the space. But, we hope no one forgets about the contribution of the Soviet Union. For information, the Soviet space program did in secrecy and tragedy. We should appreciate the achievements of their cosmonauts and engineers.
10. The First Satellite
Let us talk about Sputnik, the first craft that was so popular. It was just a 58-centimeter sphere with the simple radio antenna. This first step was the reason for the Space Race. They launched it from Site No.1 in 1957, in Kazakhstan. Sputnik was able to enter the Earth’s orbit, transmitted the radio signals to the designers and engineers as well as the Soviet leader, Nikita Khrushchev.
During its first two months in space, the satellite could do 1,440 Earth orbits and it was a big shock to the American commentators. At that time, the perception that the Soviet Union was a poor and a limited nation about to end, was so high.
9. Soviet And Their First Animal In The Orbit
Well, it was not about the first animal in the space. It was more about a first animal to orbit to the Earth and the dog’s name was Laika. The journey started in 1957 and the dog board Sputnik. Laika was the part of ambition and hope about human space flight and the impact of the space travel on the living creatures.
Laika has followed the training program with the other two dogs, Albina and Mushka. Finally, Laika was the best candidate for this mission. Laika would die from overheating after entering the orbit and this fact was under their hat for about 45 years after this event.
In 2002, Rusian officials reported that Laika had survived for about six days before he perished because of the oxygen depletion.
8. The First Image Of The Moon And Its Dark Side
It was possible because of the Luna 3 program. Back in October 1959, they could record the unseen side of the moon for the first time with the mountainous terrain and valley captured in 29 amazing images for a 40-minute period. Based on the images, our scientists could know about the surface of the far side of the Moon that was so different from the side that faced our Earth.
7. First Animals Came Back From Space
This journey was as tragic as the story about Laika. It took three years for Uni Soviet to send living creatures into the orbit and return them back into the terra firma. They had their cosmonauts along with two dogs, 42 mice, a grey rabbit, two rats, flies, and also several plants to board KorabI-Sputnik on August 1960. The mission was to return to Earth safely. The two dogs are known as Belka and Strelka then became the stars of the journey.
6. The First Human In The Outer Space
Yuri Gagarin was a great name that related to bravery and adventure. Gagarin became the first person who could reach the Earth’s orbit and Gagarin was the part of the space program called Vostok in April 1961. Also, Gagarin was the part of the elite Sochi Six cosmonaut candidates. He was so popular as a perfect human with the excellent physical and psychological condition to prepare his voyage. His journey started when he became the pilot for a tiny spacecraft Vostok. His duty was to become the first man in the space.
5. The First Woman In The Space
It was so interesting that the Soviet Union also supported the female space journey. In fact, this achievement often goes unexposed. Following the mission of Gagarin and Gherman Titov (Titov was the first man that was able to spend 24 hours to sleep and vomit in the space), Soviet engineers believed that sending a woman into space was a logical step.
Valentina Tereshkova had to compete with more than 400 applicants before she started his important journey in Vostok. She was 26 years old and became the pioneer of space exploration since she could orbit the Earth 48 times in the space within three days. Her return made her got the award of the Hero of the Soviet Union.
4. First Spacewalk
Alexey Leonov shared his experience in 1965 about his spacewalk. He was the former pilot from Soviet Air Force with his unmatched bravery. He became the first man to step outside the spacecraft and then embarked on the extra-vehicular activity called a spacewalk. Eventually, he could tell his experience of 12 minutes sojourn from his capsule, Voskshod 2.
3. First Space Station
In the beginning of 1970s after Amstrong walked on the surface of the moon, Soviet had more attention on developing the space station that could stay in its orbit and accommodated crews. Their first space station was known as Salyut 1. Maybe you have heard today about the day of the International Space Station.
Salyut 1 made the first crew could dock successfully. They spent 23 days abroad at the station to create history. But the story turned out a full of fear. Three crew members suffocated due to the pressure-equalization valve problem during the re-entry.
2. The First Exploration On Mars
Perhaps, you have seen the impressive image of Mars Exploration Rover NASA. In fact, without the program of Mars Soviet in 1971, it would take many years to do that mission. It was launched in 28 Mei, Mars 3 was the unmanned space probe with a lander and two television cameras. After dealing with the first image transmission on the surface of Mars, the connection with the lander was disconnected after 14,5 seconds. The main reason for this failure probably was the powerful dust storm.
1. First Permanently Space Station
This finding was the answer that the Soviet could not forget about the tragedy of Salyut. Therefore, they had developed a space station to replace the previous research. The story began with the Mir Core Module. The next decade they have Kristall Technology Module and Docking Module. In fact, they did everything to build the first permanently manned space station for crews from around to use the station from 1989 to 1999.