Yuri Gagarin made his history as the first man in the space in 1961. But, before this history happened, there were many popular non-human astronauts had already been experimented through the atmosphere. The goal was to know whether any living creature could survive or not. The use of animal astronauts was so important. They were the way to help humans succeed in space. Therefore, we have a special article to dedicate their work. science space station science for space animal for space science
It was in 1950 that humans used animals in the space and the animals were mice. The fifth flight of the popular “Albert” Series of V2 launched a mouse. Sadly, the failure of the parachute recovery system became the reason that the mouse could not survive in the space. science space station science for space animal for space science
Humans repeated the experiment in 1951 by boarding eleven mice on U.S. Aerobee Yorick. After the rocket flight, the first monkey recovered. Also, the U.S. sent mice on the three rocket re-entry tests back in 1958. This project called “Mouse in Able”. Besides, there are four more mice perished on the Jupiter Rocket after they launched from Cape Canaveral, 1959. science space station science for space animal for space science
France also started its experiment to launch the first rat in the space. It was in February 1961. A rat, called Hector was able to recover after flying to 93 miles away. science space station science for space animal for space science
9. Guinea Pigs
Soviet Sputnik 9 Spacecraft flight for the first guinea pig on March 1961. They also launched it along with a dog, called Chernushka. Other passengers were Ivan Ivanovich, the dummy cosmonaut, mice, and reptiles. Ivan landed back to earth safely and all animals back to alive. science space station science for space animal for space science
Furthermore, China launched its biosatellite FSW-1 3 contained a collection of 60 animals and plants, including guinea pigs in 1990. It took eight days of the journey. science space station science for space animal for space science
The Bion 7 mission was a flight for 10 Iberian newts on board and other biological specimens, two monkeys in 1985. The goal was to provide any information about regeneration and injuries rate in the space. Unfortunately, newts had portions of their limbs lopped off. Their lenses removed, too. Based on the observations, researchers found that newts could regenerate faster while they are in space.
Other Bion flights with newts for experiments were used on the Columbia, back in 1994. Other than that, they also used this animal for another experiment of Foton-M2 mission in 2005, and Japan’s Space Flyer Unit in 1995 and the Mir Space Station. science space station science for space animal for space science
The Orbiting Frog Otolith program was done by NASA in 1970. At that time, they launched two bullfrogs into orbit. They had the OFO experiment to develop so that scientists could learn how the otolith could deal with weightlessness.
The experiment was a big success since the frogs could stay in the space from November 9 to November 15. science space station science for space animal for space science
The first fish in the space was a mummichog. It was a strong, a little aquatic specimen that researchers commonly used it for research projects. The reason was that its ability to survive with extreme conditions. Also, a pair of mummichogs completed Skylab 3 in 1973. The goal was to provide more information related to the otolith organ.
Other interesting information about mummichog was that Mummichogs was the part of the space flights. Other fish that have been in the space were guppies, carp, Japanese killifish, swordtails, zebra danios, toadfish, and oyster. science space station science for space animal for space science
The first turtles entered the space were in 1968. The journey was more than just the orbital space, but the deep space. At that time, the Soviets worked for the Zond 5 spacecraft. They completed it with the biological payload, included the two turtles. At day 3, Zond 5 made a loop around the moon. Then, it landed safely to earth on the 21st. science space station science for space animal for space science
The comeback made the turtles suffered the weight loss it was good to see them safe. Also, the Soviet Soyuz 20 mission was done in 1976. It became the record to keep tortoises or animals in the space for about 90.5 days. They started the journey from November 17, 1975, to February 16, 1976.
The recent project was done by Iran Kavoshgar 3 rocket launch. They had the journey in February 2010 with two turtles, a rat, and some worms. science space station science for space animal for space science
Once again, we should appreciate more about how French also had worked for the experiment to space. They were not happy with the launch of their first rat into space. They then decided to fly for their cat to space for the first time in October 1963. So, they found a street cat called Felix. After that, they strapped it into the Veronique AGI rocket and the cat was able to survive!
The story was so different when they launched the second cat one week later. It did not show good luck. Even some sources indicated that Felix ran away at the last minute. The cat they launched was a female, named Felicette. But still, France was the country to get the First Cat In Space award. science space station science for space animal for space science
The first spider’s space mission was 1973 Skylab 3. The story began from a couple of European garden spiders called Arabella and Anita. The experiment became the science project since Judy Miles had dreamed about it. The goal was to observe how the spaceflight and the weightlessness could determine web construction.
The spiders managed to spin webs. Arabella completed hers first. She took a little longer than normal to finish with some variations. Scientists determined that webs made in the space contained differences especially the thickness but it showed the better quality.
Unfortunately, the spiders died in the space due to dehydration. You even can see their body showed at the Smithsonian. science space station science for space animal for space science
The United States started to launch various life forms into space at the end of the 1940s. They used V-2 rockets to fly fruit flies in 1947 and these animals recovered safe and alive. The next was the Air Force Aeromedical Laboratory “Albert” flights in June 1948 to August 1950 at the White Sands.
It was the first experiments that include primates. They launched the first Albert in June 1948. But, he did not survive and he did not reach the space yet. Later, in 1949, Albert II became the first monkey in the space. He could reach an altitude of 83 miles. Not long after that, he became the first space monkey. Sadly, he died due to the impact.
Even more, it was in 1951 where Yorick and 11 mice crewmates survived from the rocket flight even though they did not make it to space. Yorick could not continue his life after two hours of recovery. The next experiment was in 1959. The journey started from two monkeys named Baker and Able. They could reach more than 300 miles of height. Also, they recovered so they became the first monkeys with their journey to flight in the actual space. Tragically, Able dead a few days later because of the infected electrode doctors were trying to remove.
The Soviets used pairs of stray female dogs as their first experiment to send animals to space. They did this experiment in the 50s and 60s. These flights were successful and some dogs flew even more than once. Dezik and Tsygan became the first canines and they were able to survive in the spaceflight in 1951. Badly, Dezik died in the next launch. science space station science for space animal for space science
Laika probably is the most popular story when it comes to space dog. She became the first dog living in the orbit. She launched with the Sputnik 2 rocket in 1957. But, she died after only a few hours due to stress and overheating. Until 1960, Soviet dogs, Belka and Strelka together with a bunch of mice, a rabbit, two rats, and other biological specimens accomplished this mission on the Sputnik 5.